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Presentation by: 
Mr. Hamed Doulati Baneh.
Researcher, Ph.D.
Horticultural Department, Kurdistan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO.

Presentation title:
«Exploring the management and production of table grapes in Iran»

About the presentation:

Discovering the Millennial Tradition of Viticulture in Iran


The history of viticulture in Iran is as rich and complex as its ancient civilizations. In this article, we will explore the origins and evolution of viticulture in this region, highlighting its cultural and agricultural importance over the millennia.

Ancient Roots in the Persian Land

Archaeological records show that winemaking has deep roots in Iran, with evidence dating to the second half of the 6th millennium. The remains of clay vessels found on Hagiophilus Hill in the Zagros Mountains of northwestern Iran are silent witnesses to this ancient practice. These discoveries not only highlight the skill and knowledge of ancient Iranians in winemaking, but also offer us a window into the past, allowing us to better understand the culture and traditions of the time.

From the Wild to the Cultivated

The cultivated grapevine we know today is believed to have been domesticated from a wild population of Vitis vinifera subspecies Silvestris. In Iran, wild grapes still thrive in riparian forest habitats in the Zagros Mountains and in the north of the country, coexisting with cultivated grape vineyards. This coexistence between the wild and the cultivated is not only a testament to the resilience of the vine, but also reflects the diversity and richness of the region's flora.

Celebrating Diversity

The diversity in the shape of the leaves, as well as in the male and female flowers of the wild grape genotypes, is a clear indicator of the genetic richness and adaptability of these plants. This diversity is not only fascinating from a botanical point of view, but also has important implications for viticulture and oenology, opening doors to new possibilities and flavors in the world of wine.


The history of viticulture in Iran is a fascinating narrative of adaptation, knowledge and resilience. From ancient clay vessels in the Zagros Mountains to the genetic diversity of wild grapes, each element of this story contributes to our understanding of the region's culture and agriculture. By exploring and celebrating this rich tradition, we not only honor the past, but also lay the foundation for an innovative and diverse future in the world of viticulture.


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Hamed Doulati Baneh

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